Population: 2.8 million
Time Zone: UTC/GMT +1 hour (+2 hours in summer)
Rome enjoys a typically Mediterranean climate. Summers, from June to September, are hot and dry with temperatures often soaring to 37°C (99°F). July and August tend to be particularly humid. Winter in Rome is usually moderate, with temperatures averaging around 10°C to 15°C (50°F to 59°F) between December and February. Snow is rare. Spring and early autumn are the best times to visit Rome, with blue skies and mild temperatures. November and December are the wettest months.
- The Colosseum took 12 years to build and it took all 70,000 spectators only three minutes to exit.
- The Vatican City is the world’s smallest state, and is located entirely within Rome.
- The popular coffee drink, Cappuccino, takes its name from an order of monks who were known by their custom of wearing a hood or cappucio with their habits.
- Rome’s first university, La Sapienza (est. A.D. 1303), is the largest in Europe and the second largest in the world.
- On Capitoline Hill (one of the Seven Hills of Rome) at noon on April 21 every year, a special bell called Patarina rings to celebrate the founding of Rome.