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Exuding pride after a rich history of invasions, Wales today is dripping with vibrant culture that embraces literature, music and art. With diverse and dramatic landscapes, severe imposing castles, and tucked-away towns, Wales is a treasure trove of hidden gems waiting to be unearthed.
Wales is a natural haven boasting three craggy mountain ranges, striking waterfalls and lapping lakes. Shaped by the last ice age, the Snowdonia, Cambrian and Brecon Beacons mountains are a hiker’s playground. The Welsh coastline, stretching for over 1,200 kilometres, is littered with unspoilt beaches, and the Welsh waters are even home to friendly marine life such as dolphins, turtles and seals.
While the natural beauty of Wales is easy to appreciate, the country also oozes with historical charm, seen especially in its castles. Cardiff Castle in the country’s capital is a prominent sight that should not be missed. Drenched in over 2,000 years of history, Cardiff Castle was originally a Roman fort built around 50 AD that has passed through many noble families. Today, visitors have the unique opportunity to see pieces of history in the castle and its old ruins, from the original Roman wall to the sumptuous rooms adorned with murals, gold gilding and stained glass.
Wales has been inhabited by a range of peoples, from the Celtic tribes that settled around 500-100 BC to the Britons pushed into the country during the Roman and Saxon invasions. Today a proud country, Wales embraces a distinct culture that includes its own language, holidays and music. The Celtic language of Welsh is descended from the 6th century language and even boasts the longest word in the world, Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwllllantysiliogogogoch. Try saying that in one breath! This word is actually a Welsh town, otherwise known as “The church of St. Mary in the hollow of white hazel trees near the rapid whirlpool by St. Tysilio’s of the red cave.”
Wales is home to some gastronomic specialties, including salt marsh lamb and Welsh black cattle. With vast expanses of land perfect for grazing, Wales is actually home to more sheep than people. Why not try some traditional lamb stew known as Cawl or bara birth, a fruit bread?
With Trafalgar’s carefully designed itineraries, you can experience the heart of Wales, from the capital of Cardiff to South Wales. Immerse yourself in the natural and historical charm of Wales and leave with magical memories to keep forever.
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